In this section, we will explore some important apps for responding to chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive (CBRNE) incidents and hazardous substances.
WISER, the Wireless Information System for Emergency Responders, is a system designed to assist emergency responders in hazardous material incidents. Developed by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), WISER provides a wide range of information on hazardous substances, including:
WISER includes information on over 400 chemicals, 20 radiologic agents, and the CDC Category A biological agents. Information includes:
WISER is available as a mobile-enhanced Web site called WebWISER and a standalone application for PCs and mobile devices.
Every four years, the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) releases its Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG). Often considered the "bible of first responders," the ERG is a go-to resource to help deal with hazmat accidents during the critical first 30 minutes. The ERG is integrated into WISER, but is also available as a stand-alone app.
The ERG contains an indexed list of dangerous goods, their associated ID numbers, general hazards they pose, and recommended safety precautions. For example, if emergency responders arrive at the scene of an overturned tractor trailer displaying a Department of Transportation hazmat placard, they could use the ERG to identify the material associated with the placard and get guidance on how to respond accordingly.
ERG includes information on, but not limited to:
Additional training on how to use the ERG app is available on the PHMSA Web site.
Various views of the ERG 2016 app
Radiation Emergency Medical Management (REMM) is an app and Web site designed to assist health professionals in learning about and managing radiation emergencies. REMM provides guidance for health care professionals about clinical diagnosis and treatment of radiation injuries during radiation and nuclear emergencies. It includes:
Please note that the Web version of REMM has more detailed information than the app. Where appropriate, the app will refer and link you to the Web version for additional information, so Internet connectivity will be needed in those situations.
REMM is a joint project between NLM and Health and Human Services (HHS) Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR).
Various views of the REMM app
Which of the following apps are hybrid? Select all that apply.
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In this section, we covered the following main points: